In the winter months, the fact that people ignore the diseases caused by cold weather can cause the disease to be carried to more advanced stages and recur. During the winter months, the complaints of people such as colds, flu, pharyngitis, laryngitis, sinusitis, otitis media, bronchitis and pneumonia increase.
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Don’t tell me you can’t get it!
Infections occurring in the winter season mostly affect children, the elderly, pregnant women and those with chronic diseases. In winter, the body spends more energy to adapt to the cold weather, and when this energy need is not met, the body’s resistance decreases and it becomes prone to infections.
The transmission of infection viruses, which are mostly seen in the winter months, is caused by the germs spread in the air by coughing or sneezing of the people who have the disease, by the breathing of healthy people or by touching the items with the germs and then rubbing the hands on the eyes and face. At the same time, viruses can be transmitted by common items such as door handles, computer keyboards, telephones. The person is contagious for 24 hours before the onset of symptoms and for five days after. Symptoms of infectious diseases include fever, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, cough, headache, pain in muscles and joints, and weakness. Recovery is usually seen within 1-2 weeks. However, in the elderly, diabetics, underlying kidney, It may have a more severe course in people with chronic diseases of the heart or respiratory system. In addition, it can also prepare the ground for diseases such as pneumonia.
What can be done to prevent winter diseases
People with chronic diseases such as COPD , asthma , bronchitis should apply to their physicians and have their general controls done while entering the winter months. According to the doctor’s recommendation, people can be vaccinated against flu and pneumonic. Do not stay for a long time in dirty and cold environments. Close contact with infected people should be avoided.
Closed and crowded places should be avoided. In order to protect from the cold, clothes suitable for the air temperature should be worn. The best way to prevent infectious diseases is to wash hands frequently and avoid close respiratory contact. As a treatment, unconscious drugs, especially antibiotics, should not be used without a doctor’s prescription. Medication should be prescribed by a doctor.