Blood tests solve the body’s chemistry

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Blood tests solve the body’s chemistry

In just 5 minutes, with a drop of blood, you can find the causes of future illnesses or minor problems you may have. Many serious diseases such as gout , kidney failure, diabetes , whether your liver functions are working or not, rheumatism , hidden jaundice, infection can occur with a drop of blood. Medical Park Hospitals Group Medical Park Göztepe Hospital Complex Internal Medicine Specialist Assoc. Dr. Yavuz Furuncuoglu, telling us about the magic hidden in a drop of blood, underlined that even if we have no complaints, we should go to an internal medicine doctor once a year and undergo a routine check-up. Furuncuoğlu said that without waiting for the disease to show symptoms, we can be saved from bigger destructions in the future by taking our precautions with simple examinations.

Blood tests tell a lot about the disease

When we go to the doctor, a blood test is requested, but do we know what it means? Starting his speech by saying, Assoc. Dr.Yavuz Furuncuoğlu said, “Everything is not clear when a blood test is done, only the result of the desired examination is taken. So when your blood sugar is measured, you can find out if you have latent jaundice. “At least, you can take your precautions and have further tests done before it’s too late,” he said.

Assoc. Dr.Yavuz Furuncuoğlu told us about the genetics in blood tests as follows:

Hemogram=Blood count: It is measured by automatic machines. It examines a very small amount of blood and reports results. From the result, anemia status (red blood cells), information about what kind of anemia or excessive blood production (polycythemia), presence of inflammatory condition (leukocytes), indirect signs of a disease such as leukemia or bone marrow diseases (Pancytopenia), coagulation-related (platelet) information can be obtained

  • Sedimentation: It is the sedimentation rate of the blood. It is found high in inflammatory conditions, rheumatic diseases, microbial conditions, blood diseases, some cancers. Low blood production (polycythemia)
  • Urea-Bun-Creatinine: Indicates the functioning of the kidneys. It is high in kidney failure.
  • Uric acid: It is the end product of protein breakdown. It is high in gout and kidney failure. It may also be high in those who are fed with excessive protein and in cases with tissue destruction (blood diseases).
  • AST-ALT: Indicates liver functions. AST can also be found to be high in people with heart and muscle diseases and those who drink alcohol.
  • Glucose: Indicates blood sugar.
  • HbA1c: Shows the average blood sugar for the last 2-3 months, the normal value should not exceed 6 percent.
  • GGT-ALP: It is high in liver and biliary tract diseases. ALP can also indicate bone diseases. It can be found physiologically high in children and pregnant women.
  • Cholesterol-Triglyceride: It shows the fat ratio in the blood.
  • HDL cholesterol. It is known as beneficial cholesterol.
  • LDL cholesterol: Known as harmful cholesterol.
  • LDH-CK-CPK=CK MB, Troponin, Myoglobin, AST: These are markers showing heart diseases.
  • LDH CPK, AST may also be elevated in muscle diseases.
  • LDH can also be found high in some blood diseases and tumors.
  • T protein- Albumin: Indicates blood proteins
  • Lipase-Amylase: It shows pancreatic diseases, but it may be high in some other diseases.
  • Na- K- Ca- P- Mg: Shows blood salt ratios. It rarely goes out of normal, and when it does, it can cause serious diseases.
  • Iron- iron binding capacity- ferritin: It shows blood and storage iron levels.
  • CRP: It is a sign of a new infection or inflammation.
  • RF-Anti CCP- ANA=FANA, ENA: These are inflammatory rheumatism screening tests.
  • ASO: It is only an indicator of past microbial throat inflammation. It is not a rheumatism test.
  • FT3, FT4, TSH: Indicates the functioning of the thyroid gland.
  • Thyroid antibodies (AntiTPO, AntiTG): It questions the presence of autoantibodies against the thyroid gland.
  • PT, PTT, INR: It is related to blood coagulation levels.
  • HBsAg, AntiHBs: Question the presence of hepatitis B.
  • Anti HCV: Question the presence of hepatitis C.